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Paul Knorr School Violin labeled 'F.&R. Enders'

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Paul Knorr, born in 1882, studied violinmaking with Dölling. Working in Berlin and Breslau, he established himself in the Markneukirchen workshop of F & R Enders in 1918. Starting in 1921, Knorr became an independent maker. His work is of a very high level of craftsmanship, highly respected for wood and material selection.

This example is crafted of flamed maple, with a two piece back. Top is of clear grained spruce of medium width, with very well defined grain. Varnish is very high quality, typical of this maker, in a deep reddish brown over an amber ground.

Learn more about: Markneukirchen

Learn more about: German Violin Making Tradition


Price: $7,000

Size: 4/4

Tonal Profile:

Country of Origin

German Violin Making

The German Violin Making Tradition

As with most industries, the history of German violin making can be traced to the history of Germany itself, with its twists and turns of economic and social trends, influence of outsiders, emergence of new technologies, and access to natural resources and trade routes. Long-standing German traditions of high quality, efficient production processes and savvy evaluation of and response to market demands, combined to create a unique industry, with today's markets continuing to rely on the quality instruments produced in Germany long ago.

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Markneukirchen: The Center of Violin Making in Germany

In the Vogtland region of eastern Germany, on the Czech border, lies the town of Markneukirchen. Ideally situated in a region that abundantly provides the timber required for instrument making as well as the infrastructure for transportation and trade, Markneukirchen has enjoyed a prominent position as a center of fine craft as well as efficient production. With a legacy that goes back centuries, Markneukirchen today has a reputation for fine, handmade stringed instruments, and is called by many, "The Cremona of Germany".

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The Bavarian town of Mittenwald, in southern Germany, has been an important trade center for centuries because of geography – it is in a low lying valley in the northern Alps, conducive to transportation. In what would prove to be the key to Mittenwald's emergence as a center of violin making, Italian trade increased sharply through valley in the 17th century, enabling export of Mittenwald's fine carved statuary, and import of Italy's violins. By the latter 17th century, violin making was firmly established in Mittenwald, and was further bolstered by the emerging guild system.

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Explore the workshops of E.H. Roth, Heberlein and E.R. Schmidt.

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